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Tag Archives: National Museum of Science and Technology

Profiles in Publishing: Ángela Ruiz Robles

Name: Ángela Ruiz Robles Birthdate/Place:  1895, Vallamanín, León, Innovator Associated With: World’s first “E”-Reader Claim to Fame: A teacher and a mother of three, Robles was teaching typing, shorthand and when she invented the “Mechanical Encyclopedia” in 1949, an analog precursor to current E-readers. She hoped to lighten the weight of books that schoolchildren had to carry to school everyday and make reading more accessible for everyone. However, due to Spain’s stagnant economy at the time, her innovation was not prioritized and never received the right funding to reach the market. Many historians still credit […]